Blackheads skin around clogged pores opens causing the collected sebum oil or dead skin cells to oxidize and turn black!!
Black head are nothing but comedones also known as open comedones . These are hair follicles or pores that is clogged with a mixture of dead skin cells and sebum- an oily substance naturally secreted by the skin. Blackheads occurs when sebum produced by the skin pores get exposed to oxygen . Sebum darkens during the oxidization creating a dark spot on your skin known as Blackhead.
Blackheads are non-inflammatory mild dark acne lesions that appear on skin . Acne lesions are usually closed , but in Blackheads skin around clogged pores opens causing the collected sebum oil or dead skin cells to oxidize and turn black. Blackhead commonly appear on face and neck or in the areas where there are more hair follicles.
Health conditions like Ploycystic ovarian syndrome ( PCOS ) and Premenstrual syndrome ( PMS ) can cause blackheads. Hormonal changes during puberty, menstruation and pregnancy also causes blackheads.
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Medication containing Azalaic acid , Salicylic , benzoyl peroxide and Resorcinol maybe prescribed by the dermatologist.
Medication containing vitamin A may be prescribed to prevent pore plugs from forming in the hair follicles and promote more rapid turnover of skin cell.