ACNE SCAR TREATMENT IN HYDERABAD, INDIA
Acne is caused due to many factors like unhealthy lifestyle etc…
Acne is most commonly seen in teenage and adolescents. They breakout and heal by pigmentation or forming depressed scar. Scars are caused by comedones and inflamed lesions. It is due to abnormal collagen production. With the latest techniques, the scar is resurfaced to the surrounding skin. This is done by causing controlled damage to the dermis below the scar, which heals by formation of new collagen fibres. Scar treatment requires a customized treatment plan from dermatologist, which takes many sessions over few months.
Acne scars are treated with various methods like chemical peels, subscision, MNRF, microdermabrasion, laser resurfacing, soft tissue fillers etc. Some raised scars require intralesional steroid injection.
TCA CROSS— Commonly used for ice pick scars. CROSS stands for chemical reconstruction of skin scars. There is coagulation of skin proteins with TCA, which helps in resurfacing.
Mirconeedling— sterile roller which comprises of fine, sharp needles to puncture the skin. Development of micro injury which initiate collagen production.
MNRF— Usage of radiofrequency energy to heat the deeper layers of the epidermis which cause control damage to increase the collagen and elastin production. It can be used for both reduction of acne scars as well as skin tightening effects. It is commonly done for rolling scars and box scars.
Subscision— is done for scar adhesions to underlying skin. LA is applied to the skin, then the subscision needle is passed to reach the underlying surface of skin. The adhesion is then broken and detached from the overlying skin. Best done for Box Scars.
Lasers — Both ablative (Er:YAG and CO2 laser) and non ablative lasers(Nd:YAG and Diode laser) are used. It is mainly used for box scar and rolling scars
Others — various other procedures like punch excision, intralesional steroid injections, intralesional injections with dermal fillers and fat, cryotherapy, pulsed dye laser etc.
Acne scars are 2 different types— atrophic scars [ice pick scars(60-70%), rolling scars (15-25%) and box scars(20-30%)] and hypertrophic and keloidal scar. Depending of the type of the scar, the treatment varies.
Yes. The picking or trauma or pressure on the acne scars usually causes hyperpigmentation and atrophic scars.
Acne when not treated early and properly by medical treatment tend to leave scars. These scars when not treated, tend to remain permanent.
If the scar is very superficial, it can be treated with retinoid based cream. But if the scar is deep, it requires a combination of procedures such as chemical peels, lasers etc followed by medical treatment.
Acne is caused due to increased sebum production, alteration of lipids, proliferation of C.acnes. These above factors cause inflammation, rupture which eventually heal by formation of abnormal collagen tissue leading to scarring.
Acne scarring is seen in about 20-30% of acne patients. Atrophic scars are the more common ones.
Fractional Lasers, MNRF, Subscision, TCA CROSS etc., are few of the most effective treatments used in acne scars.
Seeking advise from a dermatologist at early stage and by following a good skin care routine would reduce the risk of acne scars.
Surgical procedures like punch excision, punch grafting, flotation, excision and closure, dermal grafts, fat fillers etc., are done depending on the type of the scar.