ACNE SCAR TREATMENT IN HYDERABAD, INDIA
Acne is caused due to many factors like unhealthy lifestyle etc…
Acne is one of the most commonly seen skin condition in teenagers and adolescents. Scars are caused mainly by comedones and inflammed acne. They breakout and heal by pigmentation or by forming scars. Scars are formed due to abnormal collagen production. With the latest and advanced techniques, the scar is resurfaced to the surrounding skin. This is done by causing controlled damage to the dermis below the scar, which then heals by formation of new collagen fibres.
Acne Scar treatment requires a customized treatment plan from a dermatologist, which can take multiple sessions over few months.
Acne scars are treated with various methods like chemical peels, subscision, MNRF, laser resurfacing, soft tissue fillers, microdermabrasion etc. Some raised scars might also require an intralesional steroid injection.
Chemical peels — Like the BHA (Salicylic acid), AHA (Glycolic acid, Jessner’s solution, pyruvic acid, TCA peels etc help in ice-pick scars). They also increase skin cell turnover and increase collagen production.
TCA CROSS — Commonly done for ice-pick scars. CROSS stands for chemical reconstruction of skin scars. There is a coagulation of skin proteins with TCA, which helps in skin resurfacing.
Mirconeedling — Sterile derma-roller is used, which comprises of fine, sharp, thin needles which puncture the skin. There is development of micro injury which initiate collagen production.
MNRF — Usage of Radiofrequency energy to heat deeper layers of epidermis, to cause control damage which increases collagen and elastin production in the skin. It has a dual advantage. i.e., works for the reduction of acne scars and also causes an increase in collagen to tighten the skin. It is commonly done for rolling scars and box scars.
Subscision — Is done for adhesions of scar to the underlying skin. LA is applied to the skin, then the subscision needle is passed to reach the underlying surface of skin. The adhesion is then broken and detached from the overlying skin which is then followed by other laser resurfacing techniques. Best done for Box Scars.
Lasers — Both Ablative (Er:YAG and CO2 laser) and non ablative lasers(Nd:YAG and Diode laser) can be used for resurfacing of acne to the skin surface. It is mainly used for box scar and rolling scars. The most advanced Er:YAG laser gives best results in optimum duration with minimal side-effects.
Others — various other procedures which can be done are punch excision, intralesional steroid injections, intralesional injections with dermal fillers and fat, cryotherapy, pulsed dye laser etc.
Here at FMS Skin and Hair Clinic, we use CUSTOMISED SIGNATURE TREATMENTS which uses a combination of techniques and lasers to get the desired result with minimum downtime.
WHAT ARE THE TYPES OF ACNE SCARS?
Acne scars are 2 different types— atrophic scars [ice pick scars(60-70%), rolling scars (15-25%) and box scars(20-30%)] and hypertrophic and keloidal scar. Depending of the type of the scar, the treatment varies.
DOES PICKING OF ACNE CAUSE SCAR?
Yes. The picking or trauma or pressure on the acne scars usually causes hyperpigmentation and atrophic scars.
ARE ACNE SCARS PERMANENT?
Acne when not treated early and properly by medical treatment tend to leave scars. These scars when not treated, tend to remain permanent.
HOW TO REMOVE ACNE SCARS?
If the scar is very superficial, it can be treated with retinoid based cream. But if the scar is deep, it requires a combination of procedures such as chemical peels, lasers etc followed by medical treatment.
HOW DOES ACNE CAUSE SCARS?
Acne is caused due to increased sebum production, alteration of lipids, proliferation of C.acnes. These above factors cause inflammation, rupture which eventually heal by formation of abnormal collagen tissue leading to scarring.
HOW COMMON IS ACNE SCARRING?
Acne scarring is seen in about 20-30% of acne patients. Atrophic scars are the more common ones.
WHAT TREATMENT ARE MOST EFFECTIVE FOR IMPROVING ACNE SCARS?
Fractional Lasers, MNRF, Subscision, TCA CROSS etc., are few of the most effective treatments used in acne scars.
HOW CAN I REDUCE MY RISK FOR ACNE SCARS?
Seeking advise from a dermatologist at early stage and by following a good skin care routine would reduce the risk of acne scars.
WHAT ARE THE SURGICAL PROCEDURES FOR ACNE SCARS?
Surgical procedures like punch excision, punch grafting, flotation, excision and closure, dermal grafts, fat fillers etc., are done depending on the type of the scar.