Dandruff affects more than half of the population worldwide and people of any age and gender.
Flakes of skin and an itchy scalp are the main symptoms of dandruff. Skin flakes may be white or yellow, greasy present over the scalp, eyebrows, ears, hairline, etc. These flakes are noticeable and often get worsen during cold and humid environments when the air is dry.
Causes for dandruff
Dry skin is one of the most common causes of dandruff which worsens during winter. Dandruff is also believed to be due to a naturally occurring yeast that feeds on the oils on your scalp
If the hair isn’t regularly washed, oil and hair products on the scalp can build up worsening dandruff.
Allergy to hair care products like hair dye, skin conditions like seborrheic dermatitis, psoriasis, etc. can also present as dandruff.
Dandruff is not a serious condition but if left untreated for can disturb the growth of the hair and cause temporary hair loss.
Hair Loss and Dandruff:
Though dandruff is not directly connected to hair loss. The symptoms of scalp irritation and inflammation, itchiness, and flakes can weaken hair follicles, and hair breakage, and it may lead to hair fall.
If neglected, these flakes can become plaques that may lead to damage and destroy hair follicles.
If the dandruff is caused by Malassezia fungal infection on the scalp. These infections severely weaken the hair roots and have an impact on overall hair health and it can act as a triggering factor for patterned hair loss.
How to manage Dandruff?
Dandruff although is chronic, the majority of cases are managed with anti-dandruff shampoos. Shampoos with anti-inflammatory ingredients combat allergic reactions, keratolytics reduce flaking by increasing cell turnover or decreasing oil production, and antifungals work to reduce fungal infections by decreasing yeast on the scalp. In severe cases, Dandruff Treatment involves oral medications and topical lotions as prescribed by the dermatologist.
Skin is prone to dryness during the winter months which can make dandruff worse. It’s important, regardless of the cause of your dandruff, to maintain a healthy hair care routine.
A combination of medical treatments and following regular prevention tips will definitely help in controlling dandruff. It is always better to consult a dermatologist if dandruff symptoms worsen. Instead of experimenting with home remedies or over-the-counter medications. Sometimes, what seems like dandruff might indicate underlying skin conditions, such as seborrheic dermatitis, eczema, psoriasis, or fungal infection.
Consult FMS Skin & Hair Clinic, for dandruff and other hair loss issues. Know more about the best hair loss treatments available at our clinic.
Author: Dr. Archana SA