Acne is a common inflammatory dermatological skin condition that causes spots and pimples, especially on the face, neck, shoulders, chest, and back.
While acne doesn’t pose a serious risk to overall health but there’s no denying that acne can contribute to emotional distress. Acne and acne scars on your face or anywhere on the body might be painful and can also affect your self-esteem and self-confidence, and they can even contribute to feelings of anxiety and depression.
Keep in mind that acne is a treatable condition. Various numbers of effective acne treatments exist, depending upon the type and grade of acne one is suffering from, so you have options for reducing the number of pimples you get and minimizing your chances of scarring.
Causes of Acne:
From hormonal, and dietary imbalances to now even the masks we have on all day, there are various factors that may trigger or worsen acne-prone skin. Acne occurs when the pores of your skin become blocked with sebum (an oily substance), bacteria, and dead skin cells. These blockages lead to blackheads, whiteheads, nodules, and pimples.
- Bacterium called Propionibacterium Acne or P.acne that is naturally present on the skin surface starts to build up under the skin due to poor hygiene resulting in acne breakouts.
- Hormonal changes during puberty and pregnancy.
- Polycystic ovarian syndrome (PCOD) and other endocrine-related disorders.
- Poor sleep
- Cigarette smoking
- Stress increases the hormone cortisol and causes acne.
- Using oily or greasy personal care products (like heavy lotions, creams, or hair-setting gels and waxes) o working in an area where you routinely come in contact with grease (like working at a restaurant where there are greasy food surfaces and frying oil)
- Medications like steroids, lithium, birth control pills, and anticonvulsants.
- Makeup products that are comedogenic and clog the pores causing acne
- Family history
- Heavy sweating and humidity
- Scrubbing your skin too hard
- Pressure from sports helmets, tight clothes, and backpack
- Diet: there is some evidence that skimmed milk, whey protein, deep-fried food, and sweets can lead to acne breakouts, although this remains controversial.
Different Types of Acne
Depending on the type and severity of the acne is the key to successful acne treatment.
Based on the type of Acne:
- Open Comedones or Blackheads : plugged follicles that reach the surface of the skin and open up. they look black on the skin surface area
- Closed Comedones or Whiteheads: plugged hair follicle that stays beneath the skin and looks like a tiny white bump in color.
- Papules: These are red or pink tiny bumps present over the skin and are sensitive to touch.
- Pustules: Papules containing yellow or white-filled pus with a red base.
- Nodules: Large, painful solid lesions that are lodged within the skin.
- Cysts: Deep painful pus-filled lesions, if not treated tends to scar.
Based on the severity of the Acne
- Mild Acne: It consists of open and closed comedones and a few inflammatory papules.
- Moderate Acne: It consists of papules, pustules more than ⅓ of the face and body.
- Severe Acne: It consists of nodules and deep cysts with extreme discoloration, erythema, swelling, and irritation.
Quick Tips to Prevent Acne
- Regularly clean your skin gently with a mild, non-drying soap.
- Look for water-based or noncomedogenic formulas for cosmetics and skincare creams.
- Remove dirt and makeup from your face before going to sleep.
- Wash your face immediately after exercise.
- Avoid using scrubs.
- Shampoo your hair regularly, if you are suffering from dandruff use an anti-dandruff shampoo.
- Do not touch or squeeze the pimples, Otherwise it may lead to scar
- Preferably comb or pull your hair back to keep the hair out of your face.
- Drink plenty of water and avoid a high glycemic diet.
Dealing with acne can be tough but getting treatment for acne sooner is the best way to prevent scarring. The good news is at FMS Skin & Hair Clinic, One of the top best skin clinics in Hyderabad, provides plenty of effective treatment options for acne.
Consult FMS Skin & Hair Clinic, for best acne treatment. We provide the most advanced skin care treatments for all skin-related issues.
Author: Dr. Harika